What Is Atherosclerosis: Atherosclerosis Treatment, Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease

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The incidence and prevalence of atherosclerotic diseases such as coronary heart disease, stroke, etc. have increased. 

Both men and women are susceptible to the condition and the hospitalization rate due to complications from atherosclerosis is about 2 to 4 times higher among Indians than other ethnic groups. 

There is a need for timely investigation and increased awareness of the situation.

Atherosclerosis causes hardening of the arteries and is a common disorder. In this condition, fat, cholesterol and other substances get deposited in the vessels of the arteries. 

This forms hard structures called plaques. Over time, plaque can block the arteries and cause problems such as coronary artery disease, or CAD.

Speaking about this, Dr Naresh Kumar Goel, Senior Director Interventional Cardiology and Incharge Heart Failure Program, BLK Hospital, New Delhi said, Atherosclerosis is a mild condition and symptoms are not visible until the arteries are severely narrowed or blocked. Happens. 

If it is left untreated, it can lead to medical emergencies such as heart attack or stroke. In some people, this can show up as angina or chest pain/discomfort. 

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It occurs when the heart muscle does not receive enough oxygen-rich blood. Many people misunderstand pain.

Some risk factors include diabetes, high blood pressure, cholesterol, smoking, obesity, lack of physical activity, a sedentary lifestyle and even a family history of atherosclerosis. 

Most of these factors can be managed at an early age. It is also important to avoid unnecessary stress and get regular check-ups done to keep important things under control.

Atherosclerosis Treatment

Adding further, Dr. Naresh Kumar Goel said, “It is not possible to reverse once the hardening of the arteries. However, one must make lifestyle changes and treat high cholesterol levels to prevent the condition from getting worse.

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People who develop complications from atherosclerosis over time may need surgery. Angioplasty is an interventional procedure that can help restore and improve blood flow.

In angioplasty , a long, thin tube (catheter) is inserted into the narrowed part of the arteries. A thin wire mesh (stent) is placed over the deflated balloon and then passed through the catheter to the contractile area. 

The balloon is filled with air; The congestion is pressed against the arteries of the arteries and the expanded stent embedded in the arteries is released. 

Drug-eluting stents release medication after the procedure to repair the strained arteries. Some drug-eluting stents are approved by the USFDA and have been well studied for safe use in patients with diabetes, high bleeding risk, or patients who have to discontinue the drug one month after angioplasty.

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Tips To Prevent Atherosclerosis And Heart Problems

  1. Eat a low sodium diet with less than 5 grams of sodium chloride a day.
  2. Minimize the intake of trans fats found in hydrogenated oils or vegetable ghee.
  3. They lower the good HDL cholesterol and increase the bad LDL cholesterol. Avoid outside food as much as possible as most of the restaurants and hotels have a high amount of trans fat.
  4. Stay away from refined carbohydrates like bread, pasta or even white sugar. Replace them with alternatives like whole grain flours, healthy green cereals and oatmeal.
  5. Exercise regularly – at least 30 minutes a day – as it has many benefits for the heart.